Archive for the phonics in the classroom Category

Children are Learning the Wrong Kind of Phonics in the Public School Classroom.

Posted in phonics in the classroom, Phonics vs Look/Say | Comments Off on Children are Learning the Wrong Kind of Phonics in the Public School Classroom.

 

 QUESTION: Do children get phonics in school?

 

ANSWER:  Yes and No.  It depends on “which kind” of phonics you’re referring to.  There are two kinds of phonics:  ONE TYPE produces readers and the OTHER TYPE produces guessers.

 

QUESTION:  What are the two kinds of phonics?

ANSWER:  There are two kinds of phonics:  implicit (embedded) phonics and explicit (systematic) phonics.

 

QUESTION:  What is the difference between implicit and explicit phonics?  In other words, what is the difference between embedded and systematic phonics? 

ANSWER:  We can see the difference only by explaining the reading approach of both methods.  So let’s begin by explaining Implicit, Embedded Phonics.

 

Implicit, Embedded Phonics

Implicit, Embedded phonics begins with a WHOLE WORD and works down to smaller parts.  So when a child is taught to read using implicit phonics, blending and building a word (sounding it out from left to right) is NOT taught.

Can you imagine memorizing 300 WHOLE words every year?  Well, this is exactly what many American children have attempted to do; and, as you can imagine, many of those children have failed miserably!  

 With implicit phonics, a child does a great deal of “guessing.” In fact, he is taught that “guessing” is the correct approach to “figuring out what the word is. ”

Children taught with implicit, embedded phonics are instructed to:

1) “Guess” at the word by looking at the picture on the page.

2) “Guess” at the word by looking at the beginning and ending letters of the word.

3) “Guess” at the word by attempting to recognize the word ending or any other “chunk” of the word in the middle or at the end of the word.   

4) “Guess” at the word by looking at the shape of the word.

5) “Guess” at the word by reading the rest of the sentence to see which word “would make sense in the sentence.”  

Because children using the implicit, embedded phonics method are given a “salt and pepper” phonics, their “phonics” education begins with the memorization of whole blended “chunks” within words instead of with the correct pronunciation and blending of the individual letters that begin words.  

With implicit, embedded phonics, the child is told to look for a whole “chunk” inside the word that he recognizes.  As a result, a child often begins reading the word at the spot where he recognizes the whole “chunk” rather than to begin reading the word at the beginning of the word.   

 

Now let’s look at Explicit, Systematic Phonics. 

Explicit, Systematic phonics begins a child with the smallest part of a word, a single letter sound.  That child then learns to blend that single-letter sound with another single-letter sound.  From there he moves on to digraphs and diphthongs and phonograms always blending together all the sounds in a word from the beginning of the word all the way through to the end of the word, reading the word from left to right.     

With explicit, systematic  phonics, children are NEVER taught to guess at words.   

With explicit,systematic phonics all words are read from left to right, which follows in the natural order, because sentences should be read from left to right.  

 

QUESTION:  Do both implicit and explicit phonics teach children to read? 

ANSWER: Sadly, many parents today have been told by their child’s teacher that their little one is receiving phonics, and they probably are.  However, the phonics that American children receive in their public classrooms is the embedded, implicit, watered-down kind of phonics. 

In addition, by using the Dolch Sight Word List, teachers are insisting that children “guess” at “whole” words.  They then insist that children learn to say those whole words faster and faster within sentences instead of learning to to take their time and “sound out” and properly ascertain what all the words in the sentence really are. 

As a consequence of implicit, embedded phonics, children:

a)  Read words that aren’t really there,

b) Skip words,

c) Substitute wrong words for the actual words on the page, 

d) Mumble words.  

Subsequently, comprehension levels (a child’s understanding of the sentences he is reading) are floundering for far too many students.  

In today’s American public school classroom, our children are NOT learning explicit, systematic phonics.  They are getting watered-down, implicit, embedded phonics coupled with the guided reading guessing-game reading approach, and that is precisely why so many of our children cannot easily sound out every word on every page.

Most folks do not realize that American public school teachers do not receive explicit, systematic phonics training in any of their college classes.  Because of this, teachers are not aware of the damage that is happening to children when they are not learning to sound out words.  Children are often labeled as learning disabled or as ADHD or any other of a number of labels, when really, they just need the chance to adequately learn all the sounds within words and how to blend all those sounds from left to right.   

Even those very few teachers who were personally raised with explicit, systematic phonics instruction rarely use systematic phonics in the classroom because:

Today, the concept of Guided Reading is a featured technique in nearly every elementary school in America.  (Open Education, Fountas and Pinnell).

 QUESTION:  Is there a solution?  Is there some way for our children to receive explicit, systematic phonics instruction so they won’t have to guess at words?  

ANSWER:  There sure is!

At Candy 4WAY Phonics, we believe that children deserve to learn to read everything put in front of them so that they can move up to other necessary skills like comprehension and inferential thinking – lifelong skills that will give them jobs with an adequate income – lifelong skills that will move them into households far above the poverty level.

While it may be true that almost HALF of American adults grew up as children who struggled in reading, YOUR child doesn’t have to join that statistic.

 

Parents, you can teach your own children to read using a correct, systematic 4WAY Phonetic system, a system that includes daily, easy-to-follow step-by-step lessons, step-by-step rhyming phonics charts, sequenced phonics story readers, and rhyming flashcards. 

The Candy 4WAY Phonics Curriculum:

–INCLUDES AN ENTIRE 4WAY PHONICS PROGRAM

 

–WILL COST YOU just $9.97

 

–INCLUDES FREE EMAIL COACHING

 

–WILL TEACH YOUR CHILD TO READ OVER 30,000 WORDS AND MORE

 

–WILL TEACH YOUR CHILD TO READ EVERY WORD ON EVERY PAGE!

 

Moms, Dads, your child CAN learn to read!

Sincerely,

Carol Kay, President
Candy 4WAY Phonics
www.candy4wayphonics.com

P.S.  Candy 4WAY Phonics also makes Multisensory Flashcards/Wall Cards and PDF File Folder Phonics Games available at affordable prices for everyone.