Archive for July, 2011

Teaching Diphthongs Should Be Fun!

Posted in diphthong definition, diphthong examples, diphthong lessons, diphthong list, diphthongs | Comments Off on Teaching Diphthongs Should Be Fun!

Sounding out diphthongs is fun.


The sooner we can get that idea across to our students, the faster children will devour words containing diphthongs. 


This is one reason why Candy 4WAY Phonics uses rhyme, rhythm, and alliteration in as many beginning lesson plans as possible.  Learning diphthongs should be fun!  Children should learn to sound out diphthongs while they enjoy learning to read. 


Yes!  Learning to sound out words and learning to sound out diphthongs should be both rewarding and fun!   


So what is a diphthong?  A diphthong is a vowel sound produced when the tongue moves or glides from one vowel sound toward another vowel sound in the same syllable. 


Examples of diphthongs are:   

ea in created (pronounced:  crēāted)

io in Pinocchio (pronounced:  Pinocchēō)  

oy in boy (pronounced:  bōē).  

Note:  Even though oy is made up a vowel and a consonant, it is a diphthong because diphthongs are only defined as gliding vowel “sounds.”

Click here to see more examples of diphthongs.  

PARENTS AND TEACHERS can make diphthongs fun for children to learn by teaching diphthongs within  rhymes, simple songs, or picture games. 


However, one of the best ways to teach diphthongs

is within the context of daily phonics lessons,

lessons that utilize rhyme, rhythm, and alliteration. 


For example, look at these sentences presented in the Candy 4WAY Phonics Program that help children have fun, learn to sound out words, and gain skills in sounding out the diphthongs oi and oy:


Tenderloins are fried; steaks are charbroiled?

Some dogs are noisy; some cats are spoiled?

Foil has crinkles, and pencils have points?

Grandma has wrinkles and pain in her joints?

 Did you know that. . .

Cars that break down are put up on a hoist?

Soil that’s rained on gets muddy and moist?

Oysters are fried or just eaten raw?

Grandpa likes atta-boys, kinfolk, and Grandma?

(Taken from the Candy 4WAY Phonics Frosting Lesson 9)


The folks at Candy 4WAY Phonics capitalize on the fact that the easiest way to teach diphthongs is to first present them to a child as they naturally appear within his/her daily phonics lessons.  

Teaching diphthongs a few at a time helps children to retain these unique “diphthong” sounds, and the Candy 4WAY Phonics lesson plans provide children with plenty of practice drills and fun sentences to help those diphthongs take root in a child’s mind. 


The entire Candy 4WAY Phonics COMPLETE curriculum sells for just $9.97 as an INSTANT DOWNLOAD and contains:

* 100 step-by-step, fun daily lessons

 * easy-to-understand instructions

* sequenced phonics story readers

* phonics charts

* phonics drill and continuous repetition

* colorful, multisensory tools and pictures

* phonics flashcards

* lifetime rhyming phonics charts

*  free coaching and much, much more! 

 Candy 4WAY Phonics is a COMPLETE curriculum because it takes a child from preschool phonics lessons all the way through to a fourth grade reading level and higher and includes every systematic phonics tool available


Check it out: Candy 4WAY Phonics – it’s all you’ll ever need to teach your child to read every word on every page. 

 We know you’ll be happy! 

Learning diphthongs within the framework of daily, entertaining phonics lessons is fun.  The sooner we can get that idea across to our students, the faster children will devour words that contain diphthongs! 


Carol Kay, President

Candy 4WAY Phonics


Basic Phonics Rules – Looking for the Top 10 Phonics Rules? Well, here’s the Top 20 Phonics Rules!

Posted in Free Phonics Rules, List of Phonics Rules, Phonics Basics, phonics rules, teaching phonics, Teaching Phonics Rules | Comments Off on Basic Phonics Rules – Looking for the Top 10 Phonics Rules? Well, here’s the Top 20 Phonics Rules!

Top 20 Basic Phonics Rules

1.  Every word should be approached from the farthest left side of the word not from the middle of the word or from the end of the word.

2. Every word should be sounded out beginning from the left end of the word and sounded all the way through the word to the right end of the word.

3. Every word must include at least one vowel.  The vowels are: a, e, I, o, u, and sometimes y. (Examples of words where y acts as the vowel are: my, fly)

4. When a word has only one vowel and more than two letters, the vowel is short.  (Examples: mat, bend, rip, dock, fast)

5. When a word ends with a silent “e,” the vowel that comes before the silent “e” will be long. (Examples:  make, Pete, Mike, note, rule)

6. When a syllable has 2 vowels together, the first vowel is usually long and the second vowel is silent. (Examples:  train, beat, boat, true)  NOTE: Diphthongs do not follow this rule.  Click here to see more about “diphthongs.”

7. When the letter “u” says its long sound, it can either say “you” as in “mule” or “oo” as in rule.

8. The letter “q” always has to be accompanied with the letter “u.” (Examples:  quack, quake, quick)

9. When two consonants appear together and can be blended together, they are called a digraph.  (Examples:  train, brick, pray) Note:  A trigraph is a phoneme which consists of three consonant letters that can be blended. However, many people will simply use the term ‘digraph’ when speaking about a trigraph.  (Examples:  “scr” in scrape or “str” in stream)

10. When 2 consonants join together and form one new sound, they are called “consonant digraphs.”  A “consonant digraph” is counted in phonics as just representing just one sound.  (Examples:  chain, thimble, phone, whale, ship)

11. The letter “wa” – when the letter “a” is NOT long, it can either say “wa” as in “water” or “wa” as in “wag.”

12. When the letter “w” comes before “or“, the “or” says “r-r-r.” (Examples:  word, work, worth)  Note – an exception to this rule is the word “sword” where the letter “w” is silent.)

13. When the letter “g” is followed by an “e, i, or y,” it usually says its soft sound of “j.”  (Examples:  gem, gym, giant)

14. When the letter “c” is followed by an “e, i, or y,” it usually says its soft sound of “s.” (Examples:  cent, city, center)

15. When a word contains only two or three letters and the last letter is a vowel, the vowel is often long.  (Examples:  be, she, me)  Note:  An exception to this rule would be the words “do” and “to.”

16. Often a vowel will say the schwa sound.  The schwa sound is when a vowel is pronounced “uh” instead of with its short sound.  (Examples:  Letter “o” says “uh” in mo/ther; Letter “o” says “uh” in sel/dom; the first  “o” says “uh” in oc/ca/sion)

17. When a syllable only has one vowel and that vowel is the last letter in the syllable, that vowel is usually long. (Examples:  o/pen,   u/nite,   la/ter,   lo/cate) Note: An exception to this rule would be a word like mo/ther where the vowel says the schwa sound of  “uh.”

18. Often the letter “a” says the schwa sound of “uh.”  (Examples:  a/head,   ba/na/na,   a/lert,   Chi/na.)

19. When a vowel appears together with the letter “r” its sound changes into an r controlled” vowel.  (Examples:  bark, fork, worth, birth)

20.The letter combinations of “ur,” “ir,” “ar,” “or,” and “er,” often say the “r-r-r” sound, especially if they appear at the end of word.  (Examples: nurse, bird, verse, dollar, director, rather, doctor)


These “Top 20 Phonics Rules” have been supplied by Carol Kay, President of Candy 4WAY Phonics

For those looking for a COMPLETE and affordable Phonics First Curriculum, the Candy 4WAY Phonics Program sells for just $9.97 

Candy 4WAY Phonics is a step-by-step, daily lesson systematic phonics curriculum that incorporates all of the above phonics rules.  This easy-to-use, fun phonics curriculum includes: 

* 100 Daily, Step-by-step Systematic Phonics Lessons

* 20 Sequenced, leveled Phonics Readers,

* Lifetime Rhyming Phonics Charts

* Rhyming Phonics Flashcards

* Multisensory Helps

* Built-in Spelling Rules

* Continuous Phonics Drill and Review

* FREE Email Coaching.


Candy 4WAY Phonics is a systematic phonics first program based upon the TRUE STORY of a little girl named Candy who learned to read in the 1950’s. Little Candy couldn’t read; then she could — thanks to Systematic 4WAY Phonics!